Mineral Rights

In most countries all mineral resources belong to the government. This includes all valuable rocks, minerals, oil or gas found on or within the Earth. In the United States ownership of mineral resources was originally granted to the individuals or organizations that owned the surface. These property owners had both “surface rights” and “mineral rights”. Since then the owners have enjoyed the freedom to sell, lease, gift or bequest these rights individually or entirely to others. Now a single plot of land on the surface can have several different subsurface owners!

More at Geology.com.

Real Estate Prices Near Fracking

Researchers at the University of Calgary and Duke University found that homes within 1 kilometer of a shale gas well on a private water supply fell by over 20 percent in value compared to those on public water supplies. This loss can offset gains made through mineral rights [1] sales.

Related: What is Hydraulic Fracturing? [2]

[1] http://geology.com/articles/mineral-rights.shtml
[2] http://geology.com/articles/hydraulic-fracturing/

More at Forbes.

Largest Natural Gas Storage Withdrawal

This winter’s natural gas withdrawal season saw the largest storage withdrawal on record. Historically, winter stock withdrawals average around 2 Tcf. However, this winter much of the country experienced sustained colder-than-normal temperatures, and almost 3 Tcf of gas has been withdrawn from storage as of the end of March.

More at Energy Information Administration.

Future of the Haynesville Shale?

Natural gas drilling activity in the Haynesville Shale was booming in 2010 but has fallen significantly since then. The fall occurred as natural gas prices fell from $12 down to $2. Companies started drilling there with a high income assumption. Af…

More at TheAdvertiser.com.

Burning Marcellus Gas in Ontario

About 30 percent of the natural gas used in the Province of Ontario, Canada is produced from the Marcellus Shale.

More at BizJournals.

What is Causing the Oklahoma Earthquakes?

During 2013 the state of Oklahoma experienced 109 earthquakes with a magnitude of 3 or higher. Already this year the state has equaled that number. Some people blame wastewater injection.

The Wichita Eagle reports [1] that Kansas is also experiencing a number of earthquakes.

[1] http://www.kansas.com/2014/04/05/3387390/earthquakes-rocking-the-plains.html

More at ThinkProgress.

South Dakota Sand and Fracking Specs

The South Dakota Department of Environmental and Natural Resources conducted a study on 256 sand [1] samples collected from the western part of the state to determine if they could be developed as frac sand [2] sources for use in wells that use hydraulic fracturing [3] in North Dakota’s Bakken formation.

Related: What is Frac Sand? [4]

[1] http://geology.com/stories/13/sand/
[2] http://geology.com/articles/frac-sand/
[3] http://geology.com/articles/hydraulic-fracturing/
[4] http://geology.com/articles/frac-sand/

More at WashingtonTimes.com.

Petrochemical Exports Could Double

Stephen Pryor, President of ExxonMobil Chemical, believes that “US exports of polyethylene, polypropylene, and para-xylene, three of the largest primary petrochemical products, could double by 2025 thanks to shale gas.” Quoted from ChemWeek.com.

More at ChemWeek.com.

The Largest Petroleum Basin in the World

“The West Siberian basin is the largest petroleum basin in the world covering an area of about 2.2 million square kilometers. The basin occupies a swampy plain between the Ural Mountains and the Yenisey River.” Quoted from the USGS report.

More at USGS.

Qatar LNG Profits in Jeopardy?

Although Qatar is currently the largest exporter of liquified natural gas in the world, its natural gas profits could be slashed as Australia, the United States, east African nations, Indonesia and several other countries enter or step into the LNG export business.

If Qatar’s profits are threatened, what is going to happen to United States companies who plan to export natural gas and have a transportation disadvantage?

Related: What is LNG? [1]

[1] http://geology.com/articles/lng-liquefied-natural-gas/

More at Bloomberg.

LNG from Eastern Russia

Rosneft, the world’s largest oil company on the basis of output, and ExxonMobil are working on a plant to produce LNG in eastern Russia. They hope to ship the first LNG in 2018.

More at Reuters.

Using US Energy as a Political Lever?

“The Ukraine-Russia crisis has Congress and the Obama administration rushing to consider monumental changes to accelerate exports of natural gas that will permanently and negatively affect the energy landscape for natural gas domestically.” Quoted from the Houston Chronicle. (Many people will disagree with this article both from a political and economic perspective. An different view can be found here [1] and a dual perspective here [2].)

Related: What is LNG? [3]

[1] http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2014/03/natural-gas-export-ukraine-104414.html#.Uz4ge_ldV8E
[2] http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2014/03/140320-north-american-natural-gas-seeks-markets-overseas/
[3] http://geology.com/articles/lng-liquefied-natural-gas/

More at Houston Chronicle.

Using US Energy as a Political Lever?

“The Ukraine-Russia crisis has Congress and the Obama administration rushing to consider monumental changes to accelerate exports of natural gas that will permanently and negatively affect the energy landscape for natural gas domestically.” Quoted from the Houston Chronicle. (Many people will disagree with this article both from a political and economic perspective. An different view can be found here [1] and a dual perspective here [2].)

Related: What is LNG? [3]

[1] http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2014/03/natural-gas-export-ukraine-104414.html#.Uz4ge_ldV8E
[2] http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2014/03/140320-north-american-natural-gas-seeks-markets-overseas/
[3] http://geology.com/articles/lng-liquefied-natural-gas/

More at Houston Chronicle.

Indonesia Oil and Gas Report

“Formerly a net oil exporter and OPEC member, Indonesia struggles to attract sufficient investment to meet growing domestic energy consumption because of inadequate infrastructure and a complex regulatory environment. At the same time, it was the world’s largest exporter of coal by weight in 2012 and the fourth largest exporter of liquefied natural gas in 2013. The government seeks to meet energy demand at home by reorienting domestic energy production away from serving primarily export markets and increasing renewable energy production, particularly geothermal power.” Quoted from the Energy Information Administration publication release.

More at Energy Information Administration.

Indonesia Oil and Gas Report

“Formerly a net oil exporter and OPEC member, Indonesia struggles to attract sufficient investment to meet growing domestic energy consumption because of inadequate infrastructure and a complex regulatory environment. At the same time, it was the world’s largest exporter of coal by weight in 2012 and the fourth largest exporter of liquefied natural gas in 2013. The government seeks to meet energy demand at home by reorienting domestic energy production away from serving primarily export markets and increasing renewable energy production, particularly geothermal power.” Quoted from the Energy Information Administration publication release.

More at Energy Information Administration.

US Shale Gas Influences Global LNG Price?

“New global contracts for liquefied natural gas in Africa and Asia are being driven by shale gas production in Texas and other top U.S. shale plays.” Quoted from the Houston BizJournal.

More at BizJournals.

US Shale Gas Influences Global LNG Price?

“New global contracts for liquefied natural gas in Africa and Asia are being driven by shale gas production in Texas and other top U.S. shale plays.” Quoted from the Houston BizJournal.

More at BizJournals.

North Carolina Companies Want Marcellus Gas

An article in The Mercury News explains why companies in North Carolina want Marcellus Shale gas enough that they are willing to invest in a pipeline.

More at The Mercury News.

Weaning Europe from Russian Gas

The Hill has a short video that explains the changing natural gas situation between Russia and Europe.

More at The Hill.

Throwing a Wrench into LNG Exports

Much of the thinking on LNG exports is based upon a plan developed in 2012 that many people in Washington think does not reflect the current situation.

More at FuelFix.com.

Geography of Heating Fuels

The Energy Information Administration has published information on the geography of propane and heating oil use for residential space heating.

More at Energy Information Administration.

How Sanctions Could Hit the Russian Wallet

International sanctions against Russia could push up financing costs for their multibillion-dollar pipeline, LNG and offshore drilling projects.

More at FuelFix.

White House Targets Methane

As a greenhouse gas, methane can trap about 20 times more heat than carbon dioxide. The White House announced a climate action plan to reduce methane emissions by targeting emissions from the oil and gas, waste disposal, coal mining, farming and other methane producing industries.

Related: Night Time Maps of Natural Gas Flaring [1]

[1] http://geology.com/articles/oil-fields-from-space/

More at The White House.

Severance Tax on the Marcellus Shale?

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania does not have a severance tax that would collect revenue from oil and natural gas production. Although other taxes are levied on energy companies the state has one of the lowest effective tax rates on drilling in the U…

More at National Public Radio.

More Natural Gas Being Flared in North Dakota

The amount of natural gas being flared in North Dakota is still increasing, in part because oil production is increasing.

Related: A collection of NASA images [1] that show natural gas flaring at locations all over the world.

[1] http://geology.com/articles/oil-fields-from-space/

More at Energy Information Administration.

Using Natural Gas to Balance Load at Renewable Projects

“Solar power is clean and steady – until the sun goes down, or clouds roll in. Wind turbines stop spinning when the breeze dies. To provide reliable electricity, renewable energy sources need back-up. This is fueling a new generation of hybrid power plants in which solar or wind installations are supported by natural gas.”

More at Shell.

Cheniere LNG Export Facility

The LA Times has an article about exporting liquefied natural gas that features the $12 billion, under-construction project that Cheniere Energy is building in Louisiana.

Related: What is LNG? [1]

[1] http://geology.com/articles/lng-liquefied-natural-gas/

More at Los Angeles Times.

Green Fracking?

National Geographic has an article titled: “Green Fracking? 5 Technologies for Cleaner Shale Energy”. It explains five methods that are being employed to reduce the environmental impact of hydraulic fracturing.

More at National Geographic.

65 Years of Fracking

Most people think that hydraulic fracturing [1] is a recently-invented technology. However, it has been around for 65 years. CNBC has an article about it.

[1] http://geology.com/articles/hydraulic-fracturing/

More at CNBC.com.

The Fight Over LNG Exports?

Some environmentalists and some politicians do not favor quick approvals of export terminals on the U.S. eastern coast with the intent of supplying natural gas to Russia’s current customers.

More at Bloomberg.

The Biggest Infrastructure Project Ever Built in Alaska?

The Alaska Senate is debating a large project that would involve a natural gas liquefaction plant on the North Slope coastline, a natural gas pipeline system and a natural gas processing plant. The State might have a stake in the project. Presently, lots of natural gas on the North Slope is being flared because it has no access to market. So much is being flared that it can be seen from space [1].

Related: What is liquefied natural gas? [2]

[1] http://geology.com/articles/oil-fields-from-space/
[2] http://geology.com/articles/lng-liquefied-natural-gas/

More at Anchorage Daily News.

Heating Fuels by USA Region

The type of fuels used for home space heating vary by region in the United States. Heating oil is an important fuel in New England while electricity is the dominant fuel in the south.

More at Energy Information Administration.

Shell Studies Dumping Marcellus Investment??

Royal Dutch Shell does not seem to be happy with the return that the are getting from their investment in about a million acres of Marcellus Shale…. they have a lot of dry gas.

More at Pittsburgh Post Gazette.

Converting Natural Gas to a Liquid Fuel

“America’s current energy boom may take a new direction thanks to the discovery of a new way to turn raw natural gas into upgraded liquid alcohol fuel.” Quoted from the Brigham Young University press release.

More at Brigham Young University.

Earthquakes Cause ODNR to Halt Drilling

On Monday, March 10th two small earthquakes in eastern Ohio (M2.6 and M3.0) prompted the Ohio Department of Natural Resources to halt operations at seven nearby gas wells. Industry responded that hundreds of wells have been drilled in the Utica Shale [1] using hydraulic fracturing [2] and horizontal drilling [3] without incident.

Related: Utica Shale well density [4]

[1] http://geology.com/articles/utica-shale/
[2] http://geology.com/articles/hydraulic-fracturing/
[3] http://geology.com/articles/horizontal-drilling/
[4] http://geology.com/utica.shtml

More at Columbus Dispatch.

16% of European Gas Consumption Flows Through Ukraine

According to the Energy Information Administration, about 16% of the natural gas consumed in Europe flows through Ukraine.

More at Energy Information Administration.

Chevron Shuts Down Seven Marcellus Wells

Chevron has ceased operations at seven Marcellus Shale [1] wells in Pennsylvania after an explosion at one of their wells killed one worker and produced a fire that burned out-of-control for several days.

[1] http://geology.com/articles/hydraulic-fracturing/

More at Natural Gas Intel.

Natural Gas as a Political Lever?

An opinion article on the New York Times website explains how the United States could use exporting natural gas liquids as a lever against Russia.

More at New York Times.

Tapping the Utica ahd the Marcellus from a Single Drill Pad?

A company in Ohio plans to drill wells into both the Marcellus Shale [1] and the Utica Shale [2] from a single drill pad in Ohio. The expect dry gas production from the deeper Utica and liquids production from the Marcellus.

Related: Horizontal Well Density in the Utica Shale [3].

[1] http://geology.com/articles/marcellus-shale.shtml
[2] http://geology.com/articles/utica-shale/
[3] http://geology.com/utica.shtml

More at BizJournals.

US Electricity Generation by Fuel

The Energy Information Administration projects a reduced share of electricity generation from coal by 2040.

More at Energy Information Administration.